O Canada
C. Lavallée and A. Routhier
English: R. S. Weir


O Canada! Our home and native land
True patriot love in all thy sons command.
With glowing hearts we see thee rise
The true north, strong and free
From far and wide, O Canada
We stand on guard for thee.
God keep our land glorious and free
O Canada! We stand on guard for thee
O Canada! We stand on guard for thee.

O Canada!
C. Lavallée and A. Routhier
English: R. S. Weir


O Canada! Terre de nos aieux
Ton front est ceint de fleurons glorieux!
Car ton bras sait porter l'épée
Il sait porter la croix!
Ton histoire est une épopée
Des plus brilliants exploix.
Et ta valeur, de foi trempée
Protégera nos foyers et nos droits
Protégera nos foyers et nos droits.

165 O Canada
C. Lavallée and A. Routhier
English: R. S. Weir


Atanek God inungnik tamainik,
ikayugumainakavin ilvi.
Tautukit Kanadamiun taima nunaptingni,
uvaptingnilu inuit ukpegikuvlutin.
Annauyyikput tuhaaktigut
naguguktilugit Kanadakput,
naguguktilugit Kanadakput.

Godikpulli kuviakutingnin,
munagiyauyun ilaa inuin.
Ikayukit atanivut nunaptingni-itun,
atannektuinakuvlugit inungnik ilipkun.
Ilumuktuk Atanikput
naamakhipkakpaglugu nunakput,
naamakhipkakpaglugu nunakput.

Atanikput hakugikpagavin,
inuillu munagilektatin.
Nunaptingniuvlutali engningnun malikta,
pitkutillu naunaektun maliktaulit ilaa.
Naglikutin uvaptingni
mihinaktukhauyuk nunaptingni,
mihinaktukhauyuk nunaptingni.

Midi sequenced by Barry Taylor

The music of "O Canada" was composed by Calixa Lavallée and the lyrics were written in French by Adolphe-Basile Routhier in Quebec City. Originally called "Chant National" it was first performed at a banquet in Quebec City on June 24, 1880 (St. Jean-Baptiste Day). The anthem grew in popularity in Quebec but was not heard in English until the early 1900s. There have been several English versions of the work, the most popular of which was written in 1908 by Robert Stanley Weir. In 1967 a Special Joint Committee of the Senate and the House of Commons was formed to recommend official versions of Canada's National and Royal Anthems. With a few minor changes, the official English version of "0 Canada" is based on Weir's lyrics. On June 27, 1980 the House of Commons passed Bill C-36 designating both the music and lyrics of "0 Canada" as Canada's national anthem. It was proclaimed July 1, 1980. Calixa Lavallée, (1842-91) of Verchères, Quebec, had been a bandsman in the Northern Army during the American Civil War. He later returned to the US.

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